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Giresun University

Harvard Black Sea Security Program

International Centre for Black Sea Studies

25.11.15 | 14:06 Age: 3 Years



VII. Uludağ Conference on Internatıonal Relatıons was held with the motto of “"In Search of a New Order in International System" on October, 21 th - 22 th 2015, in Bursa. Giresun University Black Sea Center for Strategic Researches, participated in the conference with a four-person delegation, gave information about its activities by setting up a promotional desk which included publications of center and desk calendar of 2016.



The session, entitled “Current Developments in the Black Sea” was held by BLACKCSR in the first day of this conference at 13.00. In this session, Assist. Prof. Dr. Gökhan EŞEL, Lect. Gül SARIKAYA and Lect. Fatma ÇOBAN appraised the situation of the region under the chairmanship of Assoc. Prof. Dr. Yalçın SARIKAYA, the director of BLACKCSR.


In the beginning of the session, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Yalçın SARIKAYA gave the information about the Euromaidan events and the management change in Ukraine, annexation of Crimea and the conflicts in Donbass region.


Lect. Gül SARIKAYA, insisted that although it has been started as an inland crisis, developments were transformed into a global problem and considerably influenced security and stability in the Black Sea region, in her presentation, entitled “Effects of Ukraine Crisis on Security of the Black Sea”. Lect. Gül SARIKAYA, mentioned what’s the meaning of region for the regional and global actors and these actors policies towards the region with touching on the strategic importance of Black Sea. Lect. SARIKAYA, also touched on the discussions concerning the question “Is a new Cold War Beginning?” with dedicating that the annexation of Crimea by Russia in March 2014 has been changed the balance in the region.   


Lect. Fatma ÇOBAN stated that multipolarity has been emphasized on the Russian foreign policy, has been implemented an active foreign policy more focused on pragmatism, has been growing the Western opposition and the integration of Eurasia has been come to the fore in the Russian foreign policy, especially from the second term of Putin with talking about the determinant political movement in Russia and theoretically developments of Russian foreign policy from 1990s to present, in her presentation, entitled “The Reflections of Current Developments in the Black Sea on the Other Areas of Russian Foreign Policy”. Lect. Fatma ÇOBAN, insisted that although the relationship of Russia and the West has pursued a positive trend contrary to expectations after 2008 August War and Russian-Ukraine natural gas crisis in 2009, Russia has been taken concrete steps for strengthening his relations with Asia-Pacific and the integration of Eurasia. Lect. Fatma ÇOBAN talked about the growing Russia – China and Russia-Asia Pacific relations with emphasizing that Russia has turned his direction to Asia with increasing the sanctions of the West towards Russia especially after the annexation of Crimea.


Assist. Prof. Dr. Gökhan EŞEL, gave some opinions about the future of the Crimean Tatars and other communities, have been evaluated with a historical perspective and an academic perspective with the some observations and interviews with burocrats, academicians and people of Moscow, Tatarstan, Crimea and Western Ukraine during the authors recently visits, in his presentation, entitled “Observations on the Latest Status of Crimea”.


Some conclusions have been achieved at the end of the session. These are;

-          “New Cold War” assessments are not valid all that, Ukraine is just one of the disputing areas between Russia and the West in the recent years and the relationship with Russia and the West have the feature of “interdependence” in the different levels when the relations between the states come into question;

-          Much as the USA doesn’t like the more strengthening of Russia in the Black Sea, the USA carefully account of his response to the Russia’s steps because of balancing China, a nuclear agreement with Iran, preventing outside more control of the civil war in Syria and ensuring the smooth exit of troops from Afghanistan;

-          Because of their intense energy and trade relations  EU’s response to Russia hasn’t been gone beyond the diplomatic and economic sanctions;

-          Becoming more closing the ranks in the global system Russia plays an “anti-hegemonic front” role  not a hegemonic actor with alignments and regional blocs in multipolar system;

-          Russia is going to try to make the Eurasia Economic Union more functional and more effective;

-          Russia is going to try to strength his relations with Germany and France and China which is neighborhood of Russia and rises its energy demand day by day;   

-          The Black Sea and the Mediterranean have been entered into more intensive interaction recently depending on Russia’s activities in the Mediterranean after Syria Crisis, began in 2011, and non-region actors’ military presences and activities in the Black Sea after the Ukraine Crisis, began in 2013;

-          Turkish-Russian relations are at the critical threshold because of that Crimea and Syria have historical geopolitical sensitivity for Turkey from the north and the south. 


Conference ended with the part of answers and questions.